Mental Health

Tic Disorder

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Tic Disorders

Tics are sudden twitches, movements, or sounds that people do repeatedly. such as throat clearing or eye squinting. Tic disorders can affect children and adults, and they usually last less than a year. Tics often become worse when a person is stressed, tired or anxious. People who have tics cannot stop their bodies from doing these things. Tic disorders are substantially more frequent in boys than in girls, and a family history of tics is common.

A tic disorder that includes at least one vocal tic and lasts for more than a year is considered Tourette syndrome. Tourette syndrome is an inherited neurological disorder, with symptoms generally appearing before age 18. The tic disorders differ from each other in terms of the type of tic present (motor or vocal, or a combination of both), and how long the symptoms have lasted. People with Tourette syndrome have both motor and vocal tics and have had tic symptoms for at least 1 year. People with persistent motor or vocal tic disorders have either motor or vocal tics and have had tic symptoms for at least 1 year. People with provisional tic disorders can have motor or vocal tics, or both, but have had their symptoms for less than 1 year.

Symptoms of Tic Disorders

Tics can happen anywhere on the body, but common examples include:

  • Squinting or blinking
  • Sudden vocal expressions, such as “huffs,” grunts, or clearing the throat
  • Picking at fingernails or skin
  • Sniffing or wrinkling the nose

Acupuncture for Tic Disorders

Tic disorder is a common pediatric neurological disorder that severely affects children’s quality of life. But in fact, there is still a lack of a very effective treatment for tic disorder. Acupuncture is a flexible treatment time, treatment cycle control, and easy-to-operate treatment method, widely used in the field of neurological disorders, and widely praised by clinicians and patients. At the same time, tic disorder belongs to the category of chronic inflammatory convulsion in traditional Eastern medicine, and acupuncture has a good effect of relieving spasticity and fewer adverse reactions, which makes acupuncture have a good application prospect. Now, more and more studies about acupuncture treatment of tic disorder in children have been published. The main methods of treating tic disorder are acupuncture, electroacupuncture, scalp acupuncture and ear acupuncture. The efficacy of acupuncture alone or in combination with other drugs such as tiapride hydrochloride and haloperidol has been shown to be good. The safety of acupuncture is also commendable, and clinical trials show that the combination of acupuncture and medication can reduce the incidence and severity of adverse drug reactions. According to the existing studies, acupuncture can promote the development and repair of the nervous system, regulate the secretion of neurotransmitters, and reduce the occurrence of local discomfort, which may be the main mechanism of acupuncture treatment for tic disorders.

Source: Acupuncture: a new method to treat tic disorders in children

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